Republic of Belarus

Belarus (Russian: Беларусь, [bʲɪlɐˈrusʲ]), officially the Republic of Belarus, formerly and sometimes known as Byelorussia – is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

Its capital is Minsk city; other major cities include Brest, Hrodna (Grodno), Homiel (Gomel), Mahilioŭ (Mogilev) and Vitsebsk (Vitebsk). Over 40% of its 207,600 square kilometres (80,200 square miles) is covered by forests. Its strongest economic sectors are service industries and manufacturing. Until the 20th century, different states at various times controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including the Principality of Polotsk (11th to 14th centuries), the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire.

Key facts:

President of Belarus: Alexander Lukashenko (1994 – present )

Prime Minister of Belarus: Andrei Kobyakov (2014)

Total land area of Belarus: 207,600 km²

Languages spoken in Belarus: Belarusian and Russian

Main Business Partners of Belarus (2015): Russia. Ukraine, China, United Kingdom, Germany, Poland, Netherlands, Lithuania, Italy, Latvia.

Main Industries of Belarus:

  • metallurgical
  • mechanical engineering, including tractors and agricultural, cars, machine-tool constructing and tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering, electro technical, electronic, optics-mechanical industry; and metal working
  • chemical and petrochemical
  • light industry
  • food industry

Climate and weather in Belarus:

Belarus has a moderate continental climate, with cool humid winters and warm summers. Average temperatures vary across Belarus. In January, temperatures average from -4.5°C to -8°C. In July the average temperature is +17°C to +18.5°C. Some parts of Belarus experience sub-zero temperatures for more than a third of the year.

Belarus has an average annual rainfall of 600-700 mm. 70% of the rain falls from April to October. Belarus also enjoys 75-125 days of snow each year, with falls ranging from 15 to 30cm.

Architecture of Belarus:

Influences of both eastern and western cultures are reflected in the diverse architectural styles of Belarus churches, castles, palaces and fortresses. Despite its turbulent history of war and destruction, many architectural treasures and attractions of Belarus have survived to tell the history of this fascinating country.

Some of the oldest buildings of Belarus date from the Middle Ages. Artistic movements and religions have played their part in shaping the architecture of Belarus, with fine examples of Romanesque and Gothic, Baroque and Classicism, Modernism and Eclecticism to be found across the country.